Mediterranean Island on Top of Agriculture Production

This aerial picture postcard of the Sicilian coastline reveals its true breathtaking beauty.

Sicily, the jewel of the Mediterranean Sea. Rolling hills, snow mountain peaks, stunning architecture, and breathtaking beaches. It seems like time stood still in a land where local farming of organic vegetables, wheat grains, olives, and nuts remain to this day.

Rich soil creates an agricultural oasis.

The land, rich and fertile, provides sustainability to generations of farming families. Therefore, Sicilian agriculture does so well due to its fertile soil, because of its volcanic eruptions. The local agriculture also thrives from the pleasant climate of the island. The main agricultural products are wheat, lemons, oranges, limes, tomatoes, olives, olive oil,  almonds, grapes, and wine. In addition, cattle, sheep, and goats raised for dairy production, contribute to farm sustainability. The cheese productions are particularly important, in part to the Ragusano and the Pecorino Siciliano brands. The Province of Ragusa provides honey and chocolate production for the entire region.

Major producer of wine in Italy

Sicily, now crowned as the third largest wine producer in Italy (the world’s largest wine producer), after Emilia Romagna and Veneto. The region well known mainly for fortified Marsala wine (a type of sherry.) In recent decades, the wine industry has improved. New winemakers are introducing less common native varieties of grape, hence Sicilian wines have become more popular. The best-known local variety of wine is Nero d’Avola, named for a small town not far from the Province of Siragusa. The best wines made with these grapes come from Noto, a famous ancient city close to Avola. Other important native varieties produce wines such as Etna Rosso, Frappato, Moscato, Malvasia di Lipari and Catarratto. Furthermore, in Sicily high quality wines include using non-native varieties, like Syrah, Chardonnay, Grigio, Blanc, Zinfandel and Merlot.

Sicily also produces liqueurs, such as the Amaro Averna. produced in Caltanissetta and the local Limoncello (lemon liqueur.)

A Fisherman’s Paradise called Sicily.

Fishing is another fundamental resource for Sicily, as well as a great income producer. There are important tuna, anchovy, sardine, and swordfish fisheries. Mazara del Vallo, the largest fishing region in Sicily, also being one of the most important in the entire country of Italy. Messina, Cefalù, Termini, Sciacca, Trapani, and Palermo were the six fishing centers of Sicily in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, fishing mostly sardines and anchovies. During the mild and short winter, the fishing industry survives in salting sardines, anchovies, and especially, tonnina (little tuna.)

Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture. 

Sicily’s interior economy is based largely on dry, organic agriculture, whereas commercial agriculture and industries are located along the coastal regions. Wheat and barley have long been the major crops grown in Sicily. The herding of cows, sheep and goats, especially important in the past, have declined greatly. Other significant agricultural products are grapes, olives, almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, and garden crops. Sicily is also Italy’s largest producer of oranges, limes, and lemons. Fishing, especially for tuna, herring, and sardines, is especially important to the regional economy.

The Sicilian Economy.

Petrolium based industries are located in the southeast part of the island. Other industries, such as those based on the processing of agricultural and fishing products, are also located along the coastal cities. Services, retailing, and the public sector jobs are major sources of employment. While Italy is one of Europe’s largest economic powers, Sicily still experiences underdevelopment and a high unemployment rate. Migrant labor is now a major export of Sicily, and this income is crucial to the Italian economy. Staple foods of the Sicilian diet are bread, pasta, olive oil, tomato sauce, vegetables and fruit, cheeses such as pecorino and ricotta, nuts, and wine. Red meat has become a significant addition to the diet in recent decades. Clean air, organic food, and good wine. That is a simple and wonderful way of life.

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